Although there are laws in California that protect workers from discrimination, this still occurs throughout all occupations and industries. Sometimes discrimination is more subtle, while other times it may result in someone losing their job or facing a demotion. There are different types of discrimination, and sometimes an employee may not even know it is occurring.
Millennial women are having fewer children than their predecessors and one big contributing factor is how pregnancy affects career goals. CNBC notes that when a woman becomes a mother, this is the time when she may lose the career momentum she had been building throughout her adult life. After reviewing thousands of pages of documents related to this dilemma, researchers found that even the biggest and best companies sideline women after they become pregnant.
It is a well-known fact that women are the most educated workers in California and the rest of the United States. Many women go through extreme lengths to acquire several degrees or to move up the educational ladder to see a corresponding effect on their career and their pay checks.
When people in California talk about discrimination, most of the conversation veers toward racial, sex and LGBTQ discrimination. However, one other aspect of workplace discrimination that deserves more attention is religious discrimination. Some companies have found new ways to avoid hiring or promoting workers that belong to certain faiths by creating restrictions based on dress codes for some positions.
If you have friends of African ancestry in California, you have likely heard the stories. Women and men alike are often bullied by bosses to cut their dreadlocks or pull their afros into a more allegedly respectable style. The bullying does not involve harsh remarks and sternly worded emails either. These people are threatened with their jobs. Even children are affected by hair discrimination. Some are threatened with being booted from their schools. If you are of African ancestry, then you have probably experienced these injustices firsthand.
Microaggressions are small, seemingly minor slights that target minorities in the workplace. While these issues may not seem significant, over time they add up to create a hostile and unwelcoming environment for some workers. Knowing how to counter these slights in a meaningful and constructive way is crucial, according to CNBC.com.
You probably understand what discrimination means, but disparate impact is a term that fewer people in California have heard. Disparate impact is a type of unintentional discrimination against a particular group of people, and it is illegal for a company to do it.
Employees may recognize discrimination when it occurs on the job, or when a position is terminated because of someone's religious beliefs, for example. With this being said, it is essential for people to keep in mind that discrimination occurs in other ways as well. In fact, discrimination can target someone who may not even work for a particular company and create a number of challenges for them, both financial and psychological. For example, a job applicant may be discriminated against because of their gender, sexual orientation, faith, disability or some other factor which is against the law.
If you are an employee in California who has a disability, an employer may not turn you down for a position, or fire you from an existing one, just because of your disability. In fact, federal regulations require that employers make reasonable accommodations for the employee so he or she can perform the job on an equal level to colleagues. These accommodations can come in different forms, from physical changes to work schedules to job reassignment.
Although there are laws that prohibit workplace harassment in California and other states, it still occurs in certain establishments. Employers can do more to outline what constitutes harassment and make sure employees understand the consequences. Employees can also do their part to speak up when they observe situations involving harassment and come forward as witnesses in an investigation.